Here are some of the questions about Repronig and copyright that is asked most often by the public.
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What are the primary functions of REPRONIG?
- To represent authors and right holders in the literary field in order to better manage their copyright and receive recompense for the secondary exploitation of those works
- To advance the interests of literary authors by advocating change in relevant policies and legislation.
- To monitor international developments in the field of rights management and ensure that the interests of Nigerian authors are not adversely affected.
- To negotiate licences on behalf of its members, collect royalties due to them and distribute in a transparent, fair and expeditious manner.
Who should become a member of REPRONIG
- Membership of REPRONIG is open to individual authors, right holders or associations of right holders of literary works. Any author, publisher or assignee of a literary work (novels, stories, poetic works, plays, scripts, textbooks, essays, anthologies, law reports, computer programs, etc.), whether in electronic or print format is eligible to become a member of REPRONIG. Members are required to mandate REPRONIG to act on their behalves and represent them as far as the negotiation and collection of royalties are concerned.
Why does REPRONIG represent authors and right holders?
Aware that it is practically impossible for authors to monitor all the places where their works are used and negotiate payment terms with each user, REPRONIG steps in and on behalf of authors and right holders grants licenses allowing them to legally make copies of such works.
What kinds of activities does REPRONIG licence?
As an RRO, REPRONIG licenses secondary uses of print or digital materials such as photocopying, scanning of literary contents, document delivery services or any other activity that would otherwise amount to an infringement of the exclusive rights in the work.
What is the benefit of taking a REPRONIG licence?
By obtaining a single blanket licence from REPRONIG an institution is assured of cost effective, low risk access to the reproduction of all the works described under the licence.
What is the alternative to a REPRONIG licence?
The only means by which an institution can obtain a blanket licence and obviate the need to negotiate separate licences with individual right holders is through a REPRONIG licence. The alternative to a REPRONIG licence is for the institution to approach each author or copyright holder (local and foreign) to negotiate separate licences with them. This would be cumbersome, expensive and practically impossible.
Who needs a REPRONIG licence?
Subject to the exceptions provided for in the Copyright Act, any person or institution that is involved in or whose staff or students are likely to be engaged in photocopying, scanning or digital reproduction of published materials. This includes educational institutions, corporations, research institutes, government agencies, etc. A REPRONIG licence enables the institution to avoid adverse litigation for illegal activities taking place on its premises or on its behalf.
Can REPRONIG collect enough to make a difference in the lives of authors and right holders?
Yes. In December 2014, the Jamaica Copyright Licensing Agency (JAMCOPY) which is the equivalent of REPRONIG in Jamaica (a country with a population of about 2.9 million) disbursed $28.5 million as royalties on behalf of 437 creators and 36 publishers. The beneficiaries included writers, poets, songwriters, composers, artists, publishers of books, magazines and other periodicals. There is no reason why REPRONIG cannot make a difference in the lives of authors and publishers in Nigeria with a student population of over 16 million in tertiary institutions alone!
Where does the money collected by REPRONIG go to?
REPRONIG is a non-profit organisation registered under the law as a company limited by guarantee. It is member-based and merely receives royalty payments on behalf of authors and right holders. Any money received by way of royalties is distributed to the owners of the rights (authors and publishers). The entire process is transparent and supervised by the Nigerian Copyright Commission. The administrative cost that may be deducted is fixed and closely monitored by the Commission.
Does REPRONIG represent foreign right holders in Nigeria?
REPRONIG is a member of the International Federation of Reproduction Rights Organisations (IFRRO) comprising over 90 member RROs representing authors and publishers from all major countries of the world. On a reciprocal basis the rights of REPRONIG members would also be protected in those countries where it has representation agreements.